Google is building the fastest internet cable

Internet data is transmitted through cables under the oceans. The data is transmitted on glass fiber. While many of these cables cross the Atlantic. But Google claims that they are building the fiber optic cable that will be the fastest of its kind to cross the Atlantic.

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How Google is building the fastest internet cable to cross the Atlantic?

By

Mishal Shaheen

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Google is building the fastest internet cable
Google is building the fastest internet cable

Internet data is transmitted through cables under the oceans. The data is transmitted on glass fiber. While many of these cables cross the Atlantic. But Google claims that they are building the fiber optic cable that will be the fastest of its kind to cross the Atlantic. This cable will be named as Dunant after the founder of Red Cross. When the cable will be all set to work, Google says that it will transmit around 250 terabits of data per second and it is 56 percent faster than Facebook. Facebook can transmit 160 terabits of data per second between Virginia and Spain.

Path of cable

The cable will transmit data from US to France. And as this is Google’s private internet cable it will also connect Google’s data centers carrying internal data, by becoming the part of Google’s network. It means that if someday you’ll send an email to someone from France to USA then this information may carry through this cable.

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The fiber cable

Fiber optic system works by sending light over the slight strands of glass. The light travels the fiber cable by bouncing repeatedly over the walls. The speed of the data that is transmitted through these cables depends on these strands of glass. Google is using 24 strands of glass, or 12 pairs of strands. It means that these cables will provide more space for the data to pass through these cables in less time. And this makes it the highest capacity cable across the Atlantic. The problem is not solved here the strategy of Google was to increase the fiber in the cable so that a large information will be transmitted but when you have to build something underwater then the cost, time complexity, and electrical power increases. The same thing happened here is the cable loses the power of a signal. You can say that for every 62 miles of cable it loses 99 percent of the signal. So the repeaters were used that are waterproof and can withstand the great pressure under the ocean. These repeaters need the electric supply so the electricity was supplied to them from the land through a copper sheath in the cable. So a subsea link utilizes the repeater about every 50 miles.

The fastest internet cable by Google is scheduled to come online in 2020.

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